Aeroelastic Investigation of an Open 3D Steam Turbine Test Case and Blade Shape Optimization with Improved Flutter Behavior

TitleAeroelastic Investigation of an Open 3D Steam Turbine Test Case and Blade Shape Optimization with Improved Flutter Behavior
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsPinelli L, Castelli N, Vanti F, Pacciani R, Arnone A
Conference Name14th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics
Conference LocationApril 12-16, 2021; Gdansk, Poland
Abstract
The paper describes the flutter stability assessment of a steam turbine rotor and the application of a multi-disciplinary shape optimization procedure to obtain a new blade
geometry with higher efficiency and an improved flutter stability. The investigated test case consists of a steam turbine last stage representative of modern industrial steam turbine
blading, firstly presented by Durham University and intensively investigated during last years. The aerodamping results on the original geometry, obtained by a non-linear
method, are compared with those already published by other researches with different flutter approaches. The present results are in complete agreement with numerical investigations already present in the literature and show a high blade instability for the first bending mode. Starting from this unstable geometry, a shape optimization procedure with
aeromechanical constraints has been applied in order to obtain a blade with improved performances from both the aerodynamic and the flutter point of view. The optimum profile shows a higher efficiency and a flutter instability reduction. Those aspects are exhaustively discussed and comparisons with the baseline geometry are reported.
 
Refereed DesignationRefereed