CFD-Based Throughflow Analysis of Transonic Flows in Steam Turbines

TitleCFD-Based Throughflow Analysis of Transonic Flows in Steam Turbines
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsRicci M, Pacciani R, Marconcini M, Macelloni P, Cecchi S, Bettini C
Conference NameASME Turbo Expo 2019
VolumeVolume 2C: Turbomachinery
Date Published11/2019
Conference LocationPhoenix, Arizona, USA, June 17-21, 2019
ISBN Number978-0-7918-5857-8
Accession NumberWOS:000501628500021
Other NumbersScopus 2-s2.0-85075345073

A CFD-based throughflow solver is applied to the meridional analysis of low-pressure steam turbine modules. The throughflow code inherits its numerical scheme from a state-of-the-art CFD solver (TRAF code) and incorporates
real gas capabilities, three-dimensional flow features and spanwise mixing models. Secondary flow effects are introduced via a concentrated vortex model. Tip gap and shroud leakage effects are modelled in terms of source vectors in the system of governing equations. The impact of part-span shrouds and snubbers are accounted for, on a local basis, through suitable body force fields. The capability of the procedure is assessed by analysing the low-pressure modules of two large steam turbines designed and manufactured by Ansaldo Energia. These 3-stage
modules include rotor tip shrouds and part-span snubbers, and feature supersonic flow and large blade twist.
Throughflow predictions in terms of main performance figures and radial distributions of flow quantities are compared to experimental data, 3D steady viscous analyses, and traditional throughflow results based on streamline curvature methods. It will be shown how the proposed CFD-based throughflow model can be fruitfully used in the early stages of the design as it delivers predictions of comparable accuracy with 3D CFD analyses at a fraction of the computational time.


ASME paper GT2019-90851

Refereed DesignationRefereed